The O people of East Africa
Location and Background: The O are semi-nomadic herders who live in the semi-arid bush lands of East Africa, in round, dome-shaped structures which can be dismantled in order to move with their herds. They are the most southern representatives of the once more powerful nations to the north.
History: They migrated south as cattle and camel herders, raiding more settled peoples as they went. They controlled a wide area of territory around 400 years ago, but due to health epidemics and surrounding enemies the size of the tribe was reduced. They resisted the Islam of the Arab slave traders until the 1920s, and by 1950 the whole tribe had converted. They are often in conflict with their neighbors over conflicts about access to good grazing, wells, and river waters for their herds. Recently there have been times of violent clashes, revenge raids and cattle stealing between ethnic communities.
Culture: Cattle are central in O culture, being used to pay bride price, and are slaughtered for weddings and funerals. Boys are taught to shepherd smaller animals. Girls help with household chores and younger siblings. There are special ceremonies for the birth of babies, and for funerals.
Polygamy is practiced by half of the men, marriages used to be arranged but now elopement is more common. For men, bravery is stressed and riding, spear throwing, and fighting are admirable skills.
Modern education and the practice of Islam is creating change in the culture. Traditionally the elders had authority and were respected, and decided cases when there were disputes. They led the people to repentance and forgiveness through blood sacrifice and confession. The breakdown in traditional ways, replaced by the five pillars of Islam, has left people uncertain about their forgiveness until the Day of Judgment.
Religion: The O culture is becoming more and more Islamic in nature. Traditionally they believed in a creator God associated with the sky and believed in the spirits associated with locations in nature. These beliefs are now combined with their Islamic beliefs. Blood sacrifices are decreasing and observance of the five pillars of Islam is done in order to please God and gain forgiveness.
Latest Prayer Updates:
The Good News continues to be shared broadly in O-land. Pray that many O will respond and a Disciple making movement will begin in 2019! Pray for boldness, wisdom, encouragement and joy for all of the outreach team in the midst of many challenges.
It has continued to be very tough for Cal in the village – he says he has no fear, but he does everything to keep his faith hidden. He did not speak up to his father to tell him he didn’t agree to marrying this Muslim girl who they’ve formally tied the knot with. In fact when the knot was tied – he did what they demanded, and bowed before the two fathers in the ritual prayers to prove himself a Muslim. Cal said he felt a great darkness come over him– but he has confessed and repented from that. It looked like the wedding was going to be in January. We just kept praying. Suddenly the girl’s father said she was too young and wasn’t yet ready for the wedding – so it’s postponed. Then a contact showed up from outside our tribe who has a formal technical school, and an interest in discipling young believers. A miraculous scholarship showed up for Cal covering about half his fees, and now both the family and all of us are thrilled that Cal is heading off for a one-two year certificate or degree in tailoring at this technical school and under the intentional discipleship of this pastor. Pray that Cal will grow strong and deep in his faith and relationship with Jesus, and that God will orchestrate Cal’s future to be a strong testimony of his grace and salvation