The Ik of Uganda
Location and Background: The Ik (called “Teuso” by their neighbors) are a small farming and hunting community squeezed between the large, powerful Karamojong and Turkana pastoralist tribes. The Ik have struggled to survive in harsh ecological conditions—droughts and floods. They continue to fight against isolation and marginalization to overcome their difficult circumstances and enter Ugandan national life as a people with their own culture and voice.
History: The Ik migrated to the area over 200 years ago from Ethiopia and settled in the highlands of Timu. There has been an escalation of raids in the last decade by marauding bands of Turkana. The Ik have also been displaced from their land to create a national park, and consequently have suffered from famine. Their small numbers make them very vulnerable.
Culture: The clans are led by the “J’akama Awae”, an inherited position. The people live in small village clusters and are subsistence farmers, growing tobacco, maize, sorghum, millet and other vegetables, as well as keep bees and hunt. They decry the abandonment of the Ugandan government in helping to educate their children. As an agricultural community they are surrounded by pastoralists, and therefore suffer from threats which push them further and further up into the hills. They keep to themselves and do not mix with other ethnic groups. The most important annual event each December is the“itowe-es” (“blessing of the seed ceremony”) which marks the beginning of the agricultural year. There is another ceremony which marks the “opening of the harvest”.
Religion: The Ik legend of origin tells how God created the herder, letting cattle down from heaven by a rope and giving the cattle together with spears to one group of people. To the other group (the Ik) he gave only the digging stick with the order never to kill. They are very proud of their culture and are traditionally a peace-loving people. It’s only in recent years that they have acquired modern firearms for hunting and protection against raiders.
Pray that the Ik would be ones who receive the seed that fell on good soil-that they would be people who hear the word of God and understand it, and therefore produce a crop with great yield. Matt 13:23
Latest Prayer Updates:
As Christmas quickly approaches, there are many opportunities for conversation about Jesus, and his birth. Some team members have been organizing the Ik in a Christmas drama which has provided a great way to disciple the actors when they practice. Others have invited people to their home to share the Christmas story. The Ik tend to view Christmas solely as the time they get new clothes and eat meat so please pray that God opens the eyes of the Ik to see Christmas in a new way. That as they hear the Christmas story, the Ik may see their sin in a new light, realize their need for a Savior, and turn and repent to follow Jesus.
One of the four local churches on the Ik ridge has been actively evangelizing and organizing another fellowship in the neighboring village of Tulutul. Praise God for their desire to do outreach and share the love and grace of Christ! But there is already a church of a differing denomination meeting in Tulutul. Pray that all the churches on the Ik ridge can work together in evangelizing and discipling as one body of Christ.