The Nyamwezi of Tanzania
Population: 1.5 million
Location and Background: The Nyamwezi tribe (“people of the moon”) is the second largest in Tanzania, living principally south of Lake Victoria in west-central Tanzania. About 30% of Nyamwezi live and work outside of their 35,000 miles of land, in Tanzania’s commercial and agricultural centers.
History: It is believed the Nyamwezi and their related tribe the Sukuma arrived in their present location in the 16th c. Before Europeans arrived, they had an empire consisting of four clans, each descended from one ancestor. Their ancient king, Mirambo, was known to be a brilliant military leader. They were traders, and by 1800 they were involved in trade of copper, wax, ivory, and slaves with Arabs at the coast. Elephant hunting was a prestigious occupation due to the wealth from ivory trade. They also acquired guns and were often involved in intra-tribal wars, and conflicts with the Arabs.
Culture: The nuclear family lives together, and villages are not necessarily based on kinship relationships. Ideally every adult should be married. Various rituals are held for marriage and naming babies, and Westernization has had much influence on how the Nyamwezi function. Children go to the government schools. They are agriculturalists and pastoralists. Goats and sheep are used for sacrifices, and for their meat and skins. Their land is dry woodland, with scarce water, so it is not prime agricultural land. Men work the land, women care for the home.
Religion: The Nyamwezi embrace African Traditional beliefs, Islam and Christianity. They have much respect for their ancestors (the living dead), to whom they offer sacrifices and rely on for their benevolence. Most claim to be Muslims and follow the five pillars of Islam, but in reality they live by their animistic worldview, believing in a creator God, the spirit world, and the importance of using witchdoctors and other diviners to communicate with the spirits. It is reported there are 80,000 Nyamwezi in the Moravian church. The AIC-T has planted a hundred churches in the area but the majority of attenders could be Sukuma, not Nyamwezi. Some say up to 15% of Nyamwezi could be Christian, most of those are Catholic or nominal Christian.
Latest Prayer Updates:
Praise God for a number of people coming to faith in the Lord Jesus Christ! Daily the Lord is calling people to Himself, and individuals are praying to receive Jesus as their Savior. In an act of humbleness, a local healer called on us to say that Jesus is the only One who is able to completely heal his younger brother. Jesus is able! Pray that his brother, a young father of three, will be healed of his ailments and his health restored. His younger brother has put his faith and trust in Christ, even though his older brother, as of yet, says “No” to inviting Jesus into his life – this act would put him out of business – even though he knows where true help comes from! Pray for both brothers! Asking for faith as great as the Caananite woman who “came and knelt before Him, saying, ‘Lord, help me.’…and her daughter was healed at once.” Matthew 15:25, 28
One evening while on a walk, we met the father of one of our students along the path. In conversation with him, he shared with us that he was a Muslim, but liked his wife’s Christian religion. However, his relatives would mock him if he chose to follow His wife’s religion. We began to share the Gospel with him, explaining we were followers of Christ, and as we shared, the father took off his kufi cap, confessed his sins, prayed and gave his life to Christ!